before fountain pens

Since fountain pens weren't very practical or in widespread use before about 1884, I'm wondering how shorthand writers managed to record verbatim speech in the early 1800's and earlier. Gregg doesnt really fall into this time period, but certainly Pitman does. Did stenographers dip their pens during pauses? Was there an equivalent of a musician's "page turner" to give fresh pens to the writer? Were pencils used instead of pens? Perhaps I am missing something obvious, but how did they do it?


(by thousandwaves for everyone)